The Cancel on the cover
above is a "Railroad Route
Agent Marking." This is
different from an RPO
marking which indicated a "Railroad
Post Office." The
Postal Act of July 7, 1838 provided that
"each and every railroad within the
limits of the United States shall be a post route."
The cancellation above was used between the years
1848 to 1854.
Providence and Worcester Railroad
was chartered in 1844. The length of the road between Providence
and Worcester was 43.5 miles and the length between Worcester
and Boston was 44.65 miles.
The Providence and
Worcester Railroad merged with the
and the Boston & Providence
with a leased line from Milford to Woonsocket.
The Railroad was leased to
the New York, New Haven &
Hartford Railroad Company
on December 17, 1892
for a period of 99 years.
There were over 100 small
independent Railroad Companies operating in the New England and
New York areas during the mid to late 19th century. Most of
these small roads were consolidated with the New Haven Railroad