York, Providence and Boston Railroad, known locally as
the Stonington Line was formed from the merger of
the Boston and Providence Railroad and the Providence
and Stonington Railroad in 1833. The Boston and
Providence Railroad was originally chartered in 1831 and
the Providence and Stonington in 1832.
Construction was begun on the Stonington route from Providence
in 1832 and the entire route was completed in 1837.
completed, the New York Providence and Boston Railroad
did not connect physically with any other railroads. It's
northern terminus was Fields Point in Providence where a Ferry
connected passengers to the Boston and Providence Railroad
on the other side of the bay. It's southern terminus was in
Stonington, Connecticut where passengers boarded steamships to
Haven, New London and Stonington line was completed in
1858 and leased to the New York, Providence and Boston
in 1859, which further extended the railroad and increased its
profitability. The Groton Extension was added in 1864.
completion of the Thames River Bridge in 1889, the last obstacle
standing in the way of a complete rail system extending from
Boston to New York ended. The New Haven Railroad
leased the New York, Providence and Boston line in
1892 and it became a part of the busiest rail line in New
England, carrying over it's tracks such famous old trains as the
Yankee Clipper and the Merchants Limited.
In 1969, the
Penn Central took control of the line and in 1971
Amtrak began passenger service on the road.
Amtrak purchased the New York, Providence and
Boston outright in 1976. Freight operations on the rail
line were handled by Conrail until 1982 when the
Providence and Worcester took over freight
There was only
one real branch on the railroad, a three and a half mile branch
owned and operated by the Newport and Wickford Railroad
and Steamship Company. This branch was chartered in 1862
and opened in 1871. The N&W RR & SC operated at
least partially until 1962.
The Steamship "General" in
Wickford Harbor for a more complete
history of this branch Railroad.
The old "Kingston
Station" built in 1875 and located near the University
of Rhode Island on Route 138 was a part of this line. In early
1964, after graduating from Navy Boot Camp in Great Lakes
Illinois; I traveled on the Penn Central and
New Haven Railroads to this old depot where "mom"
picked me up for a pleasant two week vacation back home in
Saunderstown, RI. This was my one and only trip on the New
York, Providence and Boston line.