The cover above was mailed from Tel Aviv,
on January 22, 1948. It was
received by the Providence Journal in
Providence, Rhode Island on February 4, 1948.
The cover was sent via Air Mail and franked with three stamps from the
same set issued from 1927 to 1942;
two 15 milliemes
"Dome of the Rock - Mosque of Omar"
and one 100 milliemes
"Tiberius and the Sea"
#80). The stamps are tied with a 1948 Tel Aviv CDS.
contents were most likely a news
story sent to the journal
by either a staff or independent reporter in the area to cover the end
of the British mandate for Palestine and its partition
into Jewish and Arab states. Unfortunately, the partition plan was
doomed to failure from the very start.
the British "Peel Commission"
proposed the original Palestine Partition
Plan, which was accepted
by the Jews under David Ben-Gurion,
but was rejected by the
Palestinian Arab leadership.
In 1939 the British gave
into Arab pressure
to gain their support in World War II. As a result, a "White
Paper" was issued,
which capped Jewish immigration
and subjected further immigration to review by both the British and
Arabs. The policies set forth in
this "White Paper"
were enforced during and after
World War II when Jewish
refugees were fleeing the Nazi atrocities in Europe and many
refugees were turned back.
November 29, 1947, the United
Nations passed "Resolution
GA-181" which ended
the British Mandate and
partitioned Palestine into Jewish and Arab states. After increasing
violence from both Jewish and Arab terrorists, the British
decided to withdraw and on May
14, 1948 the new state of "Israel" was established.
The Jewish state of Israel was immediately attacked
by armies from six
different Arab nations and 75% of the native Palestinians
living in the area fled
across the borders to safe havens to wait
until after "The combined Arab Armies
crushed the Jews."
the next year and a half, Israel
captured an additional
26% more territory than they would have been given under
the UN mandate. In addition Jordan
annexed another 21%
of the original Palestinian territory,
West Bank) and Jerusalem
was divided into Jordanian
and Israeli sections. During the war, the Gaza
Strip was captured by Egypt.
displacement of the Palestinian
population from Palestine that occurred during the
Arab-Israeli conflict of 1948-49 set the
stage for the continuing conflict
between the Israelis and Arabs that exists
down to the present day.