Independent Mail & Local Carrier - Covers
Bloods Penny Post - Philadelphia - 1854 Cover - Acid Canceled
are those stamps issued by private City Posts,
as the example above), independent mail routes and private,
generally charged 1 cent to
deliver a letter to the post office
and 2 cents to deliver it from
location in the city
Very few of the local city posts used separate cancellation devices.
The cover above has a
cent, blue 1854 issued stamp, which has been
tied (canceled) to
the cover. The 1 cent stamp paid for
delivery to the local
office, where the recipient would have picked it up. The stamp
is listed in the Scott Catalog as 15L15
and is valued, "acid tied to cover"
at $50.00. If the Bloods hand-stamp
at the lower right corner had been used to tie
the stamp; the value would have been
increased fourfold. When I received
this cover, I opened the letter to see if there was any additional writing on
the inside/reverse of the letter text. Four additional items were hidden inside
the letter; a carrier stamp,
local post stamps and a local post
with two #17 imperforate 12c Washington
of 1851. In New Orleans, we call this Lagniappe,
(pronounced LAN-YAP) or free gift. I
have included those issues in this article with background information.
stamps such as the stamp to the left,
York City Dispatch issue of 1849-50 - Yellow - one cent Scott #6LB10)
were issued by city postmasters under the authority of the Postmaster General
and are semi-official stamps. They were used to defray the costs by
Carriers" who were contract employees of the post office.
Some of these carriers were paid a salary, however many of them were paid by
the fees collected from the "carrier stamps."
On June 30, 1863
all carriers became
government employees paid by salary
and the carrier fees
local stamp on piece to the left is a Brown &
and was used from 1852 to 1855. It
is a 1 cent Gray/Black; Scott #29L1.
The Two Scott Nr. 17s
cent Black Washington of 1851) are tied with a blue
CDS. The 1 Cent Brown and Co City Post was the cost of private
delivery to the post office. The two 12 cent Washington's covered the
or British Treaty rate of
cents. The Brown & Co lists for $150 and the Washington
Imperf stamps list at $325 each in VF condition. The 12 cent
stamp to the right is actually a top corner sheet stamp with all
four margins and should be considered as in extra fine condition. All in all,
these were quite a surprise and I might add a very pleasant one.
In addition to the above issues, there were two
Blood's Locals found in the letter, however after examination
with my local stamp dealer; we determined that
of these were forgeries. They are shown below along with the
points that mark them out as forgeries. There were a great many forgeries
of both the locals and carriers made. Generally these are cruder than the
originals and can be easily told apart.
The stamp to the
is a forgery of Scott #15L2
listed as "Forgery A - Type II."
The main points that distinguished this stamp as a forgery were the
of legible writing on the
to the extreme left
lack of the initials "LEBG"
on the building below the mans
The stamp to the
is a forgery of Scott #15L7 and is
listed as "Forgery A".
This can be determined by several factors; there is
after office in
the right upper circle, (The original has a period).
Despatch in the center
circle, (in the original it is tight
against the inner circle).