Card Message Reproduced Below:
Well how are you doing in your studies, I will try and get your cornet
if I win anything. This is our own 7th R. I. Coast Artillery band and
its the best band on the post. Well take care of yourself. I don't
know when I will get up again.
is the largest coastal fortification in the United States. Prior to
and during the Revolutionary War there were several fortifications
erected on Goat Island. These included
Fort Anne (War of the Spanish
(1730 - renamed Fort Liberty in 1776),
(1779 - On Hallidon Hill by the French
overlooking the old fortifications),
(Old Fort Liberty renovated in 1784),
and Fort Wolcott
(1800 -Fort Washington renovated and renamed).
Major Louis Tousard,
the French officer who had completed the renovation of Fort Walcott
also constructed another fortification at Old
Brenton's Point on Goat Island of
twenty guns covering the East Passage and another twenty guns covering
Newport. The New fortification was dedicated on
July 4, 1799
and christened Fort Adams
in honor of President John Adams.
President James Monroe,
who was determined that a future enemy could not repeat the
destruction that occurred in Washington, DC during the War of 1812,
recommended that the entire United States Coastal Fortification System
be upgraded and improved. Construction began on an improved version of
Fort Adams in 1824.
The old fort was razed to the ground, however the name Fort Adams was
retained. Construction on the new fort continued until
The new Fort Adams
was a massive stonework built in the shape of an irregular pentagon
and originally equipped with
smooth bore muzzleloaders.
In 1862, the fort was rearmed with the new
Rodman rifled cannon;
10-inch guns in casemates
and 15-inch guns in open batteries
on top of the southwest bastion.
In response to the Spanish American
War of 1898, improvements were
finally undertaken for Fort Adams late in that year. Four gun
batteries, including one with two
10 inch disappearing guns and two
batteries of 12 inch mortars
were added to the fort at this time.
During World War II,
new forts with longer range guns were constructed at
and Fort Varnum
in Narragansett, which contained four fire
control stations for the other forts.
was relegated to a second tier status during World War II, although it
remained the headquarters
of the Harbor Defense Command.
was officially deactivated in June
1950 under the command of
Major B. H. Schimmel.
the fort was turned over to the Navy, which used it as a storage
facility and also occupied the old officer's quarters. In
used the former Commanding Officer's quarters during his
The Navy donated the property to the State of Rhode Island in
for use as a State Park
and on September 4, 1972
the fort was opened to the public.
The fort was designated as a
National Historic Landmark in
however the fort was closed
to the public in 1980
over budget and safety concerns.
Fort Adams was
and today the fort is open
to the public from May through
October and is home to the
Newport Folk Festival,
and Arts Festival