Colonel Jacob Kingsbury
Jacob Kingsbury was
born in 1755 at Norwich, Connecticut. Jacob was
20 years old in 1775 when he enlisted as a private in the
Continental Army. Kingsbury was commissioned a
Lieutenant of Infantry on September 29, 1789 and
served under General "Mad Anthony" Wayne
during the Indian Wars (1792-95).
During the next 17 years, Kingsbury
remained in the Army, rising to the rank of Colonel
and serving in various commands at Detroit, Mackinac,
Bellefontaine, and New Orleans. On June 23, 1812, General
Dearborn appointed Colonel Kingsbury to the command of United
States troops, militia and fortifications at Newport,
Rhode Island. On July 17, 1812, Colonel Kingsbury's
command was extended to include the entire seacoast of Rhode
Island and Connecticut. Kingsbury was appointed as
Colonel Inspector-General on April 8, 1813. On June
15, he retired from active military service and moved to
Missouri. Colonel Jacob Kingsbury died on July 1, 1837 in
General Henry Dearborn
Henry Dearborn was born
on February 23, 1751 in Hampton, New Hampshire.
He attended school at the Hampton District School and later
studied medicine under Dr. Hall Jackson at Portsmouth, New
Hampshire. He opened his practice there in 1772.
In April of 1775, after word of the
battles at Lexington and Concord reached him;
Dearborn and a group of sixty local militia men he had
organized, headed for Cambridge, Massachusetts where they
joined with Colonel John Stark's first New Hampshire
Regiment. Dearborn then returned to New Hampshire, was
appointed a captain in Colonel Stark's regiment, recruited
another full company of militia and returned to Cambridge at
the end of May. On June 17, 1775 Captain Dearborn fought under
Colonel Stark's command at the Battle of Bunker Hill.
Captain Dearborn served
under General Benedict Arnold in 1775 and took
part in the attempt to capture Quebec, where he was captured
and imprisoned. He was exchanged as a Prisoner of War in March
1777 and appointed to the rank of Major in the Third New
Hampshire Regiment under Colonel Scammell.
In 1777, Major Dearborn
fought at the battles of Ticonderoga and
Freeman's Farm against General
Burgoyne's forces, (where he was appointed Lieutenant
Colonel) and then spent the winter with General
Washington at Valley Forge. He fought at the
Battle of Monmouth in 1778 and was part of General
Sullivan's force at the Battle of Newtown in
1779. He returned to serve on General Washington's staff in
1780 and took part in the siege and defeat of General
Cornwallis at Yorktown in 1781.
Colonel Dearborn was
discharged from the army in 1783 and settled in Kennebec,
Maine where he was appointed a Major General of
Militia. Dearborn served as a member of the United
States House of Representatives from 1793 until 1797.
He served as Secretary of War under
President Thomas Jefferson from 1800 to 1808 and was
instrumental in the planning for the removal of Eastern
Indian Tribes to "West of the Mississippi."
He resigned as Secretary in 1808 and accepted the post of
Collector for the Port of Boston in 1809.
General Dearborn was
recalled to active military service in 1812 by President
James Madison, appointed as the Senior Major General
of the American Army and given command of the Northern
Department. However, the old Revolutionary War
commander proved ineffective in his new command. He was
relieved and replaced by General Morgan Lewis
and given the command of New York City. General Dearborn
retired from the Army on June 15, 1815. He served as
Minister to Portugal from 1822 to 1824 and then
retired to Roxbury, Massachusetts where he passed away at the
home of his son on June 6, 1829.
Doctor Turner & Captain
I was unable to find any pertinent
references for Captain McDowell, Light
Artillery-War of 1812 and the only reference to a Doctor
Turner in the War of 1812 was on the Surgeon
General's Office of Medical History Website as
There was also apparently some confusion about which surgeon
was in charge in each area. In his final report for 1814, for
example; Tilton commented of the 8th District that he had been
told that a Dr. Turner, who was only a regimental surgeon, had
"very improperly assumed
Rhode Island and the War
Rhode Island as well as most of New
England was opposed to "Mr. Madison's War,"
believing that it interfered with their commerce. New England
Federalists met at a convention in Hartford, Connecticut in
1815 and drafted a series of constitutional amendments
prohibiting embargos lasting more than 60 days. The war ended
before these proposals could be presented to Congress.
(Some members of the convention
even proposed succeeding from the Union.)
Rhode Island's congressional
delegation voted against the war and was one of the states
considering secession from the Union in 1815. However, Rhode
Island did finally contribute a force of 500 militia to the
war and provided local troops to garrison Fort Adams in
Newport. In addition, Commodore Oliver Hazard
Perry of Wakefield, Rhode Island became a
"National Hero" with his victory over the British
fleet at the Battle of Lake Erie.
Oliver Hazard Perry Stamp Issue and Biography