Stamp Issues & Covers 1846 to 1900
1866 Printed Circular from Whitaker, Whitehead & Co. Liverpool, England
To Goddard Brothers, Agents - Providence, RI via the British Mail Packet "Asia"
With "Latest Known" Rathbone Brothers & Co. Forwarding Oval on Reverse

(Scroll Down for Biographical Information & Background History)

  This is a printed circular sent from Whitaker, Whitehead & Co. to Goddard Brothers, Agents for the Lonsdale & Hope Companies, (owned by Brown and Ives) and contains the manuscript direction - Per Asia Via Queenstown. "Asia" was owned by the Cunard Line and was a registered mail packet ship. The circular was prepaid at the printed circular rate of 1 Penny (without cover and no writing except address).
SEE: 1858 Stampless to Providence Tool Co. for background information on the Cunard line, Asia and Packet Ships.

The stamp is the Queen Victoria 1 Penny Brick-Red definitive issue of 1864; Scott Nr. 33a. On this issue the plate number markings are contained at top and bottom of the left and right scrollwork. This stamp is from plate Nr. 79.

The Rathbone Brothers & Co. - Green Oval imprinted across the flap on the reverse is believed to be, (by this writer) the latest known marking by that forwarding agent. The latest marking previously known, according to "Rowe" was 1853 and in addition the marking was only listed in red and black.

Asia departed Liverpool on September 29, 1866 and arrived in Boston on October 12 with a stopover at Queenstown, Ireland. Asia made 6 trans-Atlantic crossings in 1866. All of her crossings in 1866 were to Boston and this voyage was her fifth trip in 1866. 

The Circular contains 4 pages listing the current prices for goods on the Liverpool Market compiled and printed by the Liverpool General Brokers Association; Colonial Produce & Co. I have scanned in the first page of the circular at full size. SEE: Full Size Circular Page 1.

Goddard Brothers

The First Goddard in Rhode Island was William Goddard (born 1740 died 1817). He was the son of Giles Goddard, postmaster of New London, Connecticut. William moved to Rhode Island around 1761 and in 1762 established the first newspaper in Providence, the Providence Gazette and Country Journal. William later moved to New York, then to Philadelphia and lastly to Baltimore where he established another newspaper. William married Abigail Angell in 1786 and their son William Giles Goddard (born 1794 died 1846) was the father of William G. Goddard and Thomas Poynton Ives Goddard. William Sr. retired to Johnston, RI in 1792.

William and Thomas established a management company (Goddard Brothers, Agents) in 1850. They were the managers for two companies; the Lonsdale and Hope companies, owned by Brown and Ives when this circular was sent in 1866. The Lonsdale Company operated textile mills in Ashton, Berkeley, Cumberland, Lincoln, and Lonsdale. The Hope Company was originally established as the Hope Furnace by the four Brown brothers, Nicholas, John, Joseph, and Moses. From 1773 to 1778, the furnace produced cannon for use in the Revolutionary War. In 1806, the buildings and land were sold to Silvanus Hopkins and Jabez Bowen and became known as the Hope Manufacturing Company, (a cotton mill). In 1844 the mill came back into possession of the Brown, Ives and Goddard families and in 1847 it was incorporated as the Hope Company.

William G. Goddard was born on December 25, 1825 in Warwick, RI to William Giles Sr. and Charlotte Ives Goddard. (Charlotte was a stockholder in the Hope Company.) He married Mary Edith Jenckes on February 19, 1867. William enlisted in the Rhode Island Militia at the outbreak of Civil War hostilities on April 17, 1861 and was commissioned as a Major in Company S, 1st Infantry Regiment. He was promoted to Full Colonel on June 27, 1861 and served as the Aide de Camp to Colonel Ambrose Burnside. The 1st Rhode Island Infantry fought at the First Battle of Bull Run, (First Manassas) on July 21, 1861. The battle turned into a major disaster and defeat for the Union. Colonel Goddard was mustered out of service along with the rest of the regiment on August 2, 1861. He was later promoted to Brevet Brigadier General on March 13, 1865. William Goddard died on September 29, 1907 in Providence, RI.

The East Greenwich Census of 1860 lists William Goddard age 35 as a manufacturing agent and owning real-estate to the value of $10,000.00

Thomas Poynton Ives Goddard was born in 1827 and died on March 30, 1893. The 1870 Providence, RI Census lists Thomas as 40 years of age and his occupation as cotton manufacturer. It lists his total assets at $37,900.00. The Census of 1860 lists Anna F. Goddard, (wife of Thomas Goddard) as having been born in New York in 1838 and lists two daughters; Margaret and Ellen

The 1850 census lists both William and Thomas as living with Hope J. Goddard (born 1794) as head of household.

SEE: Brown Family Letters Part I and Part II for further information concerning Brown and Ives

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