This business letter was sent from New Orleans, Louisiana
to Peace Dale, Rhode Island at double the 25
cent rate (50 cents)
established by the Act of April 9, 1816
and effective on May 1, 1816 for mail traveling over 400 miles.
According to the letter below there were
three (3) bills of exchange enclosed with the letter and if the letter
weighed less than 1 ounce, which it must have, as the rate for a letter over 1
ounce was four times the single sheet rate and a additional rate hike
for each 1/4 ounce thereafter. This
letter was charged at the double rate rather than four
times the 25 cent rate for 4 sheets, (including
the 3 bills of exchange). Although the bills of exchange
were not included with this cover; I assume that they were of the multi-invoice
type (1 sheet), as on
several other covers I've acquired, thus the double rate for two
Roland G. Hazard Cover & Invoice.)
The cover contains a fairly clear New
Stamp) in blue to the upper left and the 50 cent rate at
upper right, also in blue. As the cover is not marked paid, postage was
collected from the recipient, Isaac Hazard.
The letter and a short biography of Isaac
P. Hazard and his brother Roland G. Hazard follows below:
Orleans Feb 19th 1843
I. P. Hazard Esq.
Enclosed I hand you second bills of exchange of ???? W.
Church, Josiah Real (two) and Sam Clarke. First of same terms having been
already forwarded to the parties for acceptances. The last one I sent to
Msrs G. H. Waldo by yesterdays mail to obtain Post and Phillips
acceptance and forward to you at Peace Dale.
R. G. H. (This must refer to Roland G.
Hazard - Isaac's brother and partner in the Peacedale Mill who evidently had
made a trip to Louisiana to check on that end of the business.)
went up the river (I assume this means the
Mississippi River), yesterday, designing to
return again before he goes up Red River. He bade me request you to protect all
S. Roberts acceptances falling due in New York and he will remit to you.
Josh P. H. has gone up to Millikens, (See
Note) and intends to see O. B. Cobb and others. Your letter or one from Peace Dale
for him came to hand yesterday. I forwarded to him at Vicksburg.
Collections are very slow, but hope to be able to remit another bill soon.
believe Millikens refers to Milliken's Bend in Madison Parish, Louisiana.
Milliken's Bend served as the staging area during General Ulysses S. Grants Siege
of Vicksburg. It was also the site of the famous battle involving the 9th (African
American troops) Louisiana Infantry in
fighting against Confederate Major General John G. Walker's Texas Division at
which, although the Black troops lost over 35 percent of their force, they held
the line and stopped reinforcements from reaching Vicksburg.
Hazard, the oldest son of Roland Hazard and Mary Peace Hazard
was born in Peace Dale, Rhode Island in 1794. Roland Senior retired in 1819 and
Isaac and his brother, Roland
G. Hazard took over the operations of the Peace
Dale Mill in 1821. The two brothers ran a highly successful
business for 45 years before retiring in 1864 and 1866 and handing over the
reigns of the company to John N. Hazard and Roland's oldest son,
Roland). The operation of the mills continued under Roland's
sons until around 1919.
Soon after Isaac and Roland G. took over the
mills operations, they began making improvements; increasing the mill's
capacities and facilities. They constructed improved spinning equipment,
operated by water power and in 1828 they also added power looms. The brothers
also built several additional mills in the area including the Carolina
Mills in 1841 (See:
Stampless letter to Roland G. Hazard for
additional information on the Carolina Mills.) During the
pre-Civil War period, the mills produced mostly course goods such as clothing
for slaves, however the Peace Dale Mills became noted for their fine quality
textile products after the Civil War, including cashmeres and shawls.