The Hazard Family
1848 Stampless Cover
From New Orleans, LA to Peacedale, Rhode Island
Business letter from New Orleans, Louisiana to Roland G. Hazard in
concerning cotton to be delivered to the Carolina Mills in Richmond, RI
View a Full size Scan of the Letters First
The 3 page letter is
from Wagard and Green
New Orleans Cotton Merchants to R. G. Hazard
Peace Dale, Rhode island. The letter discusses a future
shipment of 3000 bales of cotton to Roland Hazard's
Carolina Mills in
Island. There appears to be a problem of
ready funds on the part of Wagard and Green and they have advised
Mr. Hazard of a slight delay in the shipment of the aforesaid cotton.
was a cotton textile mill
built on the Pawcatuck River in the township of Richmond, RI in 1841 by Roland
G. Hazard. The mill originally ran about 100 looms. In September 1863 the Peace
Dale Manufacturing Company purchased the property and sold it again in December
1863 to Theophilus Hyde. who in turn lost the mortgage back to R. G. Hazard.
Hazard then deeded the property to Tinkham, Metcalf & Co. on February 1,
1869. In 1872 The Carolina Mills Company purchased the mill and began
manufacturing fancy cassimeres. Some time after that the mill property was
returned to ownership by the Hazard family. The Carolina
Mills continued to manufacture textiles until 1930. Today the mill buildings
are vacant, fire damaged and severely deteriorated.
As of 1978 some of the old machinery still
survived in the building. Most of the
water power system was still in existence as of 1978. There was a
collapsed machine ship, located near the highway, containing what may be the
earliest known example of a Daniel's Planer. A 20th century wood structure
still contained small jack spoolers built by the Cleveland Machine Works in
1888. The site also has dye vats, finishing machinery, assorted textile
machinery, machine tools, and two vertical turbines; one was built by Rodney
Hunt and the other is a Leffel with wicket gates.
There is a stone building located over the
surviving headrace which is likely the original mill. It appears to have been
powered by a breast wheel. The large tailrace opening; a three centered stone
arch was still intact as of 1978. The dam, head-gates and waste-way continue to
survive as does the well-preserved mill village of Carolina, which is
listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
The owner of the mill property in 1978 was
Paul M. Broomfield. I do not know who the current owner is.
This cover is also of interest to me
personally. One of my sisters is married to a member of the Richmond family
from Carolina, RI. (The town of Richmond was
incorporated in 1747 and was named for an early member of the family; Edward
Richmond - Attorney General of the RI colony from 1671 to 1680 .)