was the son of Roland Gibson Hazard and
grandson of Roland Hazard
who began the family's textile business in Peacedale,
Rhode Island. He was an eighth generation
descendent of Thomas Hazard who first
emigrated to America from Wales around 1630.
when this letter was sent, Roland's father; Roland
Gibson Hazard was president of the
company, which at that time was known as the
Peacedale Manufacturing Company. Roland
became president of the company in 1892.
is as follows:
Thomas Hazard - first generation; Robert Hazard - second
generation; Thomas Hazard - third generation; Robert Hazard
- fourth generation; Thomas Hazard - fifth generation;
Roland Hazard - sixth generation; Roland Gibson Hazard -
seventh generation; Roland Hazard - eighth generation.
was born to Roland Gibson and Caroline
Newbold Hazard in Newport, Rhode Island
on August 16, 1829. The family moved to
Peacedale in 1833, where Roland came
of age. He attended Friends College
in 1845 at Haverford, CT and
graduated from Brown University in 1849.
He was ranked in the upper third of the
graduating class and was ranked first in mathematics
during his first three years at Brown. He also won a
prize in philosophy for his essay in
Roland was quite active in local
village and town affairs. In 1854 he organized
a Sunday School at the schoolhouse and on
February 13, 1857 in response to his invitation,
13 people met at his home and organized the
Second Congregational Church of South
Kingstown. In 1872 he built a stone
church, which still stands; drawing up the plans
himself. The worsted mill in Peacedale was built according
to his plans in 1872. The picturesque stone bridges
all around Peacedale were built by Roland.
One of the bridges, which had a single stone arch spanning
over 40 feet was the largest single arch bridge built in the
state up to that time. Roland was largely instrumental
in establishing the Narragansett Library in
1855 and was involved in the organization
of the High School - donating the land for the
building and assisting in its maintenance.
Roland Hazard introduced
the first system of profit sharing
in the United States for his employees at the Peacedale
Mills. He also maintained an interest in agriculture and in
the breeding of cattle. He was elected as President
of the Washington County Agricultural Society
in 1876. He served as a Moderator
for the township of South Kingstown and in the
State legislature as representative in
1863 and as a senator in 1867-68.
Roland Hazard was a candidate for
governor as an independent in 1875,
but was not elected.
Roland's other interests included a
lead mine in La Mote, Missouri , which he took
charge of in 1875. He introduced
the manufacture of soda-ash into the country
in 1881 and was instrumental in organizing the
Solvay Process Company of Syracuse, New York
becoming it's president in 1883.
The first soda-ash made by ammonia process in
America was produced by his company in January
Roland Hazard married
Margaret Ann Rood of Philadelphia; the daughter of
Reverend Anson Rood and Alida Ogden Rood.
(She was living in New
Haven at the home of a relative; Mrs. M. G. Ogden while
Roland was courting her.)
Margaret Rood was born on September 28,
1834 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and died
on August 7, 1895.
Roland and Margaret had 5
children as follows:
Roland Gibson Hazard
was born on January 22, 1855. He was married
to Mary Pierpont on November 16, 1880.
He became president of the Peacedale
Manufacturing Company in 1898 on the
death of his father.
Caroline Hazard was
born June 10, 1856. She was the editor of a collected
edition of her grandfather's philosophical and economic
writings under the title of "Works of Roland Gibson
volumes). She was also
the author of a biography titled "Thomas Hazard, son
of Robert, called College Tom," "A study of
Life in Narragansett in the 18th century," and a
volume of poems titled "Narragansett Ballads."
She was the co-author and editor of a volume titled "A
Memorial of T. Lewis Diman, of Brown University."
Frederick Roland Hazard
was born June 14, 1858
Helen Hazard was born
January 15, 1861
Margaret Hazard was
born May 31, 1867.